Common genetic conditions

Tiong Yang Tan

“There are many different ways that faults in the genetic code can occur. Alterations to the genetic code can arise at any level and can affect gene expression leading to human disease. Before reading this chapter, readers might want to remind themselves of some of the terminology that is used to describe the genes and how they are assembled, by looking back at the introductory chapter, Chapter 1. There are many ways in which the genetic code, from the level of the chromosome (the bundles of genes in our cells), right down to a single nucleotide (the individual building blocks that make up our genes), can be disrupted …”